Časopis Naše řeč
en cz

Melodie české doplňovací otázky

Jan Volín, Pavel Šturm

[Články]

(pdf)

Melodic courses of Czech question-word questions

The present study addresses the unresolved issue of speech melody in Czech question-word questions (i.e., specific, information or content questions). Some renowned authors claim that these questions use the same melodic courses as statements, whereas others suggest salient modifications. We contribute to the debate with the results of an experiment, in which 24 speakers were recorded producing context-embedded utterances that formed latent question-statement pairs. The pairs under scrutiny were not obvious to the speakers but they structurally differed in just one or two phonemes and preserved identical stress-group and syllabic patterns. The analysis of the melodic contours shows that although both statements and interrogatives are generally (even if not always) produced with a falling contour, the placement of the melodic peak and its magnitude differ significantly. While statements are typically furnished with a late intonational nucleus, question-word questions more commonly display a higher early peak. Additionally, various pragmatic components of the messages are suggested that correlate with the individual tune shapes.

Key words: fundamental frequency, intonation, melody of speech, utterance function, wh-question
Klíčová slova: doplňovací otázka, funkce promluvy, intonace, melodie řeči, základní frekvence

Text je on-line k dispozici v databázi CEEOL.

Fonetický ústav FF UK
náměstí Jana Palacha 1/2, 116 38 Praha 1
jan.volin@ff.cuni.cz
pavel.sturm@ff.cuni.cz

Naše řeč, ročník 103 (2020), číslo 4

Předchozí Ondřej Bláha: Některé vývojové tendence ve vidovém systému současné češtiny

Následující Adam Kříž, Jan Chromý: Úloha detekce slova a její využití v psycholingvistickém výzkumu

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